Reading Time: < 1 minute

Collaborating is often listed as a key 21st century skill, among communicating and critical thinking (Binkley et al, 2012; Suto, 2013). Research further points out that collaborative documents and apps may be an untapped asset for vocational teaching and learning (Schwendemann et al, 2018). These apps also support learning anywhere, anytime, from any device, improving access and learning perseverance among learners (Hwang & Chang, 2011).

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Binkley, M., Erstad, O., Hermna, J., Raizen, S., Ripley, M., Miller-Ricci, M., & Rumble, M. (2012). Defining Twenty-First Century Skills. In Griffin, P., Care, E., & McGaw, B. Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills, Dordrecht, Springer.

Hwang, G. J., & Chang, H. F. (2011). A formative assessment‐based mobile learning approach to improving the learning attitudes and achievements of students. Computers & Education, 56, 1023–1031

Schwendemann, B., De Wever, B., Hämäläinen, R., Cattaneo, A.(2018)The State-of-the-Art of Collaborative Technologies for Initial Vocational Education: A Systematic Literature Review. International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training. 2018;5(1) DOI 10.13152/IJRVET.5.1.2